Adults between the ages of 30 and 40 may begin to feel the effects of a reduced basal metabolic rate (BMR). Weight gain, especially around the waistline, and bone resorption due to calcium loss places adults at risk for more serious health problems later in life.

Adults may also begin to experience root caries around the exposed roots of teeth and around existing dental fillings. Often this is associated with development of dry mouth and the use of hard candies or mints to increase salivary flow.

The goal of nutrition during adulthood is health promotion; maintain oral tissue and supporting structures and immune support. Encourage patients to stay physically active and follow the Dietary Guidelines for Americans may help prevent future, chronic disease later in life.