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  1. Preventive dentistry started in the ________________.
  1. Dental caries can be defined as ________________.
  1. A carious lesion is considered incipient when the demineralization occurs only in the ________________.
  1. ___________ acid is produced by bacteria in the oral cavity after the ingestion of carbohydrates.
  1. ___________ is the type of early stage bacteria that causes dental caries.
  1. ___________ is the nutrient ingested by bacteria, producing the end-product lactic acid causing dental caries (demineralization or loss of calcium and phosphate ions).
  1. The oral pathology lesion that is associated with fungus is ________________.
  1. The pathology that is associated with sun exposure is ________________.
  1. It takes only ___________ for dental plaque to double in mass.
  1. Recent research studies link calculus as the contributing factor to periodontal disease rather than plaque. Daily removal of biofilm is critical to reduce oral diseases.
  1. The preferred toothbrushing method for children is ________________.
  1. The flossing method preferred for children is the ________________.
  1. When teaching your patient to floss, the floss should be approximately _____________ in length or more.
  1. If a patient has large spaces (embrasures), the recommended interdental aid/s are ________________.
  1. Professional topical fluoride applications are based upon ________________.
  1. The ADA-recommended sodium fluoride varnish is _________%.
  1. A professional prophylaxis is required prior to the application of professional topical fluoride products. The post-erruptive (topical) effect of fluoride has played an even more vital role in reducing dental caries.
  1. __________________ is the recommended professional fluoride treatment for children younger than 6 years of age by the ADA and AAPD.
  1. Fluoride content in acidulated phosphate fluoride is approximately _________ percent.
  1. For adequate sealant retention, the tooth must ________________.
  1. According to studies, root surface caries has _______________ in the last 30 years.
  1. Regular use of a 5,000 ppm fluoride dentifrice and quarterly sodium fluoride varnish treatments may decrease root surface caries progression and initiation. About one-fourth of U.S. adults are affected with root surface caries by age 70.
  1. The patient should not eat or drink anything for ________ minutes after a professional fluoride tray application.
  1. Contraindications for placement of a sealant is (are) ________________.
  1. One can of regular soda contains about _______ teaspoons of sugar.
  1. In sports injuries, males are twice as often as females to be injured. Mandibular central incisors are the most commonly injured teeth.
  1. In regards to sports mouthguards, the literature indicates the behavior of athletes is most influenced by their ________________.
  1. The dental professional’s role in promoting sports safety is to ________________.
  1. The most common sports-related tooth injury regarding permanent dentition is ________________.
  1. The best success rate for a re-implanted avulsed tooth after a trauma is ___________________.