The unique nature of oral healthcare settings, dental procedures, and instrumentation require specific strategies to prevent the transmission of HAIs. Engineering and work-practice controls are intended to eliminate or isolate hazards and promote safer behavior in the workplace. Engineering controls take advantage of available technology to eliminate or isolate biohazards (blood or OPIM). When engineering controls are not available or are not practical, work-practice controls are implemented.
The direct patient care setting, i.e., the dental treatment room (DTR), is central to the delivery of oral healthcare, but there are other environments within oral healthcare settings that support the delivery of clinical services, i.e., dental radiography and dental laboratory facilities. While the following recommendations primarily relate to non-surgical dental specialty areas, they are sufficiently flexible to serve as a template for developing and implementing practice-specific infection control strategies.