Glossary

Baby Boomers - A baby boomer is a person who was born during the demographic Post – World War II baby boom between the years 1946 and 1964.29

c-reactive protein - C-reactive protein is a non-specific biomarker of inflammation that is produced in the liver.  During any type of inflammation, c-reactive protein levels will be elevated.14

carotid-intima-media thickness - Refers to the thickness of the 2 innermost layers of the wall of the carotid artery in the neck.  The smaller the lumen size, the thicker the walls, which suggest the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis and is associated with several cardiovascular risk factors.  It is typically measured by ultrasound imaging.31

endothelial dysfunction - Endothelial dysfunction is a condition in which the endothelium (inner lining) of blood vessels does not function normally.  Endothelial dysfunction is thought to play a major role in the development of atherosclerosis and can be caused by conditions such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, hypertension, smoking and physical inactivity.32

NSPT - Refers to Non-surgical Periodontal Therapy which includes debridement of hard and soft deposits from the teeth (i.e., scaling and root planing).

oscillating-rotating electric toothbrush technology - The oscillating-rotating electric toothbrush technology pioneered by Oral-B is supported by a plethora of clinical studies.  Research demonstrates the safety and efficacy of oscillating-rotating electric toothbrushes for plaque removal, extrinsic stain removal, and gingivitis reduction.30

polypharmacy - Refers to the prescription of multiple drugs (usually 4 or more), a common occurrence with older adults and in particular, those confined to institutional settings.  Often these drugs are prescribed by numerous physicians and may be uncoordinated placing the patient at risk for side-effects.

sialogogue agent - A medication that increases the flow of saliva.33

xerostomia - Refers to dry mouth, which can have numerous causes such as aging, disease, medications etc.