1. In the latest figures available, the annual costs, including criminal justice, lost wages, medical treatment, etc. associated with the opioid epidemic in America were _______________.
  1. Approximately _____ people die due to opioid overdose daily in the United States.
  1. In what year did heroin become illegal in the United States?
  1. After concern of undertreatment of pain in the patient population, in 2001 the Joint Commission released a statement requiring pain assessment for _______________.
  1. What percentage of new heroin users started by abusing prescription opioid medications?
  1. An 11-line letter to the editor in the New England Journal of Medicine from 1980 was cited 608 times, _____% of which were in support of the statement that opioids are not addictive.
  1. Americans consume _____% of the world’s supply of hydrocodone.
  1. What is the only country aside from the United States that allows pharmaceutical companies to advertise on television?
  1. Dentists prescribe _____% of all immediate release opioid medications in the United States.
  1. The younger a patient is when he/she is first exposed to opioid medications, it _______________ the risk of opioid misuse/abuse in the future.
  1. In a survey of high-school seniors, many nonmedical users of opioid prescriptions get those medications from previous prescriptions. What percentage of 14 to 17-year olds receive opioid medications after third molar extractions?
  1. In a recent study of patients after third molar extraction, which post-operative pain control regimen demonstrated a higher level of efficacy?
  1. Mandatory use of the prescription drug monitoring program caused a _____% reduction in the quantity of opioids prescribed.
  1. Under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA), which of the following are associated with a legitimate rationale for prescribing a controlled substance?
  1. Between 2005 and 2008, which of the following was NOT a leading cause of noncriminal sanctions against healthcare providers related to medical mismanagement?
  1. Approximately three-quarters of dentists assess current alcohol use as part of their medical history and physical.
  1. Fewer than half of all unused drugs from prescriptions are stored in an unsecured manner in the home.
  1. Which of the following is NOT a question on the drug abuse screening test (DAST-10)?
  1. What is “doctor shopping” in the context of controlled substance misuse/abuse?
  1. In a ranking of healthcare provider specialties in the percentage of all opioid prescriptions written, dentists rank _____.
  1. Which of the following are mechanisms that dentists can employ to reduce risk to their patients while still providing adequate pain control?