1. Which of the following factors does NOT contribute to developing chronic diseases?
  1. When assessing the patient, the medical history should include the patient’s physical limitations and cognitive status.
  1. The risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease is increased in _______________.
  1. Informed consent is NOT legally necessary _______________.
  1. Rheumatoid arthritis only affects joints, tissues surrounding the joints, and connective tissue.
  1. Which of the chronic diseases listed below increases the risk for developing gout?
  1. Asthma medications do not increase the risk of _____________.
  1. _____________ have been associated with bruxism and TMD.
  1. _____________ is an autoimmune disease where the pancreas does not make enough insulin.
  1. Urinating often at night, smell of acetone on breath, and weight loss without trying are signs and symptoms of _____________.
  1. HbA1c levels below _____ indicate the patient’s diabetes in well controlled.
  1. Shortness of breath, fatigue, and swelling of the lower extremities, stomach, and veins in the neck are signs and symptoms of _____________.
  1. Patients who are taking Warfarin should discontinue or alter their dose for most dental procedures.
  1. According to the American Heart Association guidelines, a blood pressure range of 145/100 is considered _______________.
  1. Elective dental treatment should be postponed for patients who have uncontrolled high blood pressure (≥ 180/110 mm Hg).
  1. Multiple sclerosis is _______________.
  1. Which of the following is NOT a typical motor or sensory abnormality that individuals diagnosed with MS may experience?
  1. One of the more common symptoms of multiple sclerosis is depression.
  1. The etiology of Parkinson’s disease is most likely _______________.
  1. Oral impairments from Parkinson’s disease may lead to all of the following EXCEPT _______________.
  1. Sudden numbness of the face, arm, or leg on one side of the body is a classic sign and symptom of _______________.
  1. Patients who have experienced a stroke should never be given a vasoconstrictor.