1. Community water fluoridation was first introduced in Grand Rapids, MI, in what year?

  1. The mechanism(s) of action of fluoride is (are):

  1. The active ingredient in the first toothpaste approved by the ADA was _______________.

  1. What concentration of fluoride in a municipal water supply is required to significantly reduce the caries incidence without causing dental fluorosis?

  1. “Brown stain” was once used to describe a condition later known as _______________.

  1. What is required for the release the fluoride ion from the monofluorophosphate molecule?

  1. Which of these compounds are used as actives in tartar control toothpastes?

  1. The first Category A classification for a fluoridated dentifrice was awarded by the American Dental Association in ________.

  1. Which of these has never been an active ingredient in a fluoride dentifrice?

  1. Public acceptance of therapeutic dentifrice occurred after the _______________.

  1. Remineralization of enamel requires ____________.

  1. Calcium surface active builders (CASAB) are a part of the new technologies and act to _______________.

  1. Fluoride’s main influence in the oral cavity is through _______________.

  1. The desire to improve the benefits delivered by toothpaste resulted in _______________.

  1. Which of the following is true?