Caries Risk Assessment
Caries risk assessment determines the likelihood of developing carious lesions, or the likelihood that there will be a change in current carious lesions (size or activity).3 If risk factors are eliminated before the diseases occur, the disease process can be prevented.
Risk factors that can be evaluated include:
Presence of caries
Presence of plaque
Carbohydrate exposure – frequency, amount
Dental care exposure
Caregiver dental literacy
The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) developed a caries risk assessment form for children age 0-5 years that evaluates three areas and includes.4
General Health Conditions
These subjects are further categorized as High, Moderate or Low Risk.
Figure 1. Caries Risk Assessment Form (Ages 0-5 years and ≥6 years).