Caries risk assessment is defined as the identification of factors associated with a condition or disease for purposes of further diagnosis, prevention or treatment. If those risk factors are eliminated before the diseases occur, the disease process can be prevented.
Risk factors that can be evaluated include:
The American Dental Association (ADA) developed a caries risk assessment form for children 0-6 that evaluates three areas and includes:
All of them are evaluated in the following three categories: High, Moderate or Low risk.
Figure 1. Caries Risk Assessment Form (Ages 0-6).